P0037 HO2S Heater Control Circuit Low B1S2
Description and meaning of DTC p0037
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles, including but not limited to Toyota, VW, Ford, Dodge, Honda, Chevrolet, Hyundai, Audi, Acura, etc. Specific repair steps may vary depending on the model. Heated Oxygen sensors (HO2S) are inputs used by the PCM (Powertrain Control Module) to determine oxygen content in the exhaust system. Bank 1, sensor 2 refers to the second sensor back on bank 1. The PCM uses the information gained from the Bank 1,2 HO2S mainly to monitor the efficiency of the catalytic converter. Integral to this sensor is a heater element The PCM controls this heater to warm up the sensor to operating temperature. This allows the engine to enter closed loop faster and reduces emissions on cold startup. The PCM continuously monitors the heater circuits for abnormal voltages or in some cases, even amperages. Depending on the make of vehicle, the Oxygen sensor heater is controlled one of two ways. One way is that the PCM directly controls the voltage feed to the heater either directly or via a HO2S relay and a ground is supplied from the vehicle's common ground. The other way would be a fused 12 volt Battery feed (B+) that feeds 12 volts to the heater element anytime the ignition is on and the control of the heater is done by a driver in the PCM which controls the ground side of the heater circuit. Finding out which one you have is important because the PCM activates the heater under various circumstances. If the PCM detects an abnormally low voltage condition on the heater circuit, P0037 may set.
p0037 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P0037 DTC may include:Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) illuminationThere will likely be no other symptoms
DTC p0037 - possible causes
Potential causes of a P0037 trouble code may include:Bank 1, sensor #2 oxygen sensor heater element has failedPhysical damage to heated oxygen sensor has occurredControl circuit (or voltage feed, depending on system) is shorted to groundPCM Oxygen sensor heater driver has failed
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0037
Do a visual inspection of the Bank 1, 2 HO2S and wiring harness. If there is any damage to the sensor or any damage to the wiring, repair/replace as needed. Make sure wiring is routed away from exhaust. If all appears okay, unplug the Bank 1, 2 HO2S and verify that there is 12 volts B+ present with the key on engine off, (or ground is present, depending on the system). Verify the heater control (ground) circuit is intact. If so, remove the o2 sensor and inspect for damage. If you have access to resistance specifications you can use a Ohmmeter to perform a resistance test of the heater element. Infinite resistance indicates an open in the heater. Replace the o2 sensor as necessary.