P0074 Ambient Air Temperature Sensor Circuit Intermittent

Description and meaning of DTC p0074

This generic powertrain/engine diagnostic trouble code typically applies to all OBDII equipped vehicles. The Ambient Air Temperature (AAT) sensor converts ambient air temperature into an electrical signal for the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). This input is used to modify air conditioning system operation and display outside air temperature. The PCM receives this input and possibly two more Intake Air Temperature (IAT) and Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECT). The PCM looks at the AAT sensor voltage and compares it to the IAT/ECT sensor readings when the ignition switch is first turned on after a long cool down period. This code is set if these inputs vary too much. It also looks at the voltage signals from these sensors to determine if they are correct when the engine is fully warmed up. This code is usually set due to electrical issues. Troubleshooting steps may vary depending upon manufacturer, type of AAT sensor and wire colors.

p0074 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms may include:Malfunction Indicator Light On Air Conditioning may not perform properly Instrument cluster may not read outside temperature accurately Overhead console may not read outside temperature accurately

DTC p0074 - possible causes

Potential causes of a P0074 trouble code may include:Intermittent open in the signal circuit to the AAT sensor - likely Intermittent short to voltage in the signal circuit to the AAT sensor Intermittent short to ground in the signal circuit to the AAT sensorFaulty AAT sensor Failed PCM - unlikely

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0074

A good starting point is always to check for technical service bulletins (TSB) for your particular vehicle. Your issue may be a known issue with a known fix put out by the manufacturer and can save you time and money during diagnosis. Next, locate the AAT sensor on your particular vehicle. This sensor is usually found in front of the radiator behind the grille or front bumper area. Once located, visually inspect the connectors and wiring. Look for scraping, rubbing, bare wires, burn spots or melted plastic. Pull the connectors apart and carefully inspect the terminals (the metal parts) inside the connectors. See if they look burned or have a green tint indicating corrosion. Use electrical contact cleaner and a plastic bristle brush if cleaning of the terminals is needed. Let dry and apply electrical grease where the terminals contact. The most common failure is connections, with a failed sensor a close second due to its adverse environment. While checking the connections you can test the sensor with a Digital Volt-Ohm Meter (DVOM). With the ignition switch off, disconnect the sensor and connect the Red (Positive) lead of the DVOM to one post on the sensor and the Black (Negative) lead of the DVOM to the other post. Determine the temperature of the sensor (what is the temperature outside) to the resistance on the chart. This is the resistance in ohms that your DVOM should be displaying. Either 0 ohms or infinite resistance (usually indicated by the letters OL) indicates a failed sensor. If you have a scan tool, clear the diagnostic trouble codes from memory, and see if this code returns. If it does not, then the connections were most likely your problem. If the P0070 code does return, we will need to test the AAT sensor and its associated circuits. Typically, there are 2 wires at the AAT sensor. With the ignition switch off, disconnect the harness going to the AAT sensor. Turn the ignition switch on. With a scan tool accessing PCM data (provided that is the module receiving the AAT sensor input the module receiving the AAT sensor input may be the Air Conditioning control module, Generic Electronic Module or some other module towards the front of the vehicle that can send the AAT sensor data over a bus network), read the AAT sensor temperature or voltage. It should read 5 volts or something other than ambient air temperature (very low temperature) in degrees. Next, turn the ignition switch off, connect a jumper wire across the two terminals inside the harness connector going to the AAT sensor, then turn the ignition switch on. It should read close to 0 volts or something other than ambient air temperature (very high temperature) in degrees. If there is no 5 volts to the sensor, or if you see no change, repair the wiring from the PCM to the sensor, or possibly a bad PCM. Reconnect the sensor and wiggle the connector while monitoring the voltage or degrees from the AAT sensor. If a change in either is detected while wiggling wires, this indicates intermittent connection. Look at where the wires are routed and note any point where they could be touching/rubbing up against body panels or the frame. If all prior tests have passed and you continue to get a P0070, this would most likely indicate a failed AAT sensor, although a failed control module could not be ruled out until the AAT sensor had been replaced. If unsure, seek assistance from a trained automotive diagnostician. PCMs must be programmed, or calibrated to the vehicle in order to be installed correctly.

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