P0143 O2 Sensor Circuit Low B1S3
Description and meaning of DTC p0143
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles. Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model. The Catalytic Converter is used to help control emissions. The PCM (Powertrain Control Module) uses the signal from the oxygen sensor to the rear of the catalyst to monitor the catalyst's efficiency. This is the bank 1,3 sensor. It's a four wire sensor being supplied a 0. 5 volt reference voltage as well as a power and ground circuit for the o2 sensor heater element. There is also a signal wire from the oxygen sensor to the PCM that can vary between about 0. 1 volts to about 0. 9 volts according to oxygen content of the exhaust. A properly working post-cat sensor will exhibit small changes at a slower rate than front o2 sensors. To over simplify: a post-cat sensor's main job is to monitor catalyst efficiency, not control fuel management (although they can have a measure of influence over the front o2 sensor's operation). If the PCM determines that the post-cat o2 sensor signal voltage is below a certain threshold for too long, P0143 will set. PCM detected the HO2S signal was less than 156 mv for 28 seconds.
p0143 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Usually rear o2 sensor problems won't cause drivability issues since they are an input that measures catalyst efficiency (unlike front o2 sensors). However if you have other codes present, like lean codes or pre-o2 sensor codes, then they may cause drivability problems as well as P0143. The following symptoms may be present:MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) illuminationEngine performance issuesEngine running roughEngine running richPoor idle
DTC p0143 - possible causes
An engine that is running lean could set this code, however there will likely be other codes present. Air leaks in exhaust in front of o2 sensor giving false readingO2 sensor connector damagedO2 sensor signal circuit is shorted to groundO2 sensor ground circuit is openO2 sensor has failed (it may be contaminated with fuel or coolant)PCM has failed
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0143
It's always good to start with checking for air leaks in the exhaust manifold and in the exhaust pipes. With KOER (Key on engine running) use a scan tool or a voltmeter check the o2 sensor signal voltage with engine warm. You may have to increase the RPM to a fast idle to check the voltage of the bank 1,3 sensor. If it's voltage is stuck low (less than a half a volt) and you don't have any other o2 sensor codes present in the PCM, then it's a good bet that the sensor is bad. If the voltage isn't stuck low and the o2 sensor seems to be operating fine, it's likely sticking low intermittently. This often turns out to be the sensor. Having said that, if you're interested in knowing for sure what the problem is then perform the following: 1. Turn off the engine and unplug the 1,3 o2 sensor connector. Make sure that there is battery voltage present and ground present for the o2 sensor heater. If there isn't then diagnose that first then retest. If that checks out then, using a jumper wire, supply a chassis ground to the o2 sensor connector(PCM side) ground circuit. Now observe the scan tool bank 1,3 o2 sensor reading. If it is now at about a half a volt then replace the o2 sensor. If, after supplying a ground to the unplugged PCM side of the o2 sensor connector, the voltage reading doesn't change then check the harness for short to ground. Check for harness making contact with exhaust components. Check pins for damage, and for moisture. Repair as necessary. If you can find no harness problems, then the PCM may be bad.