P050A Cold Start Idle Air Control System Performance
Description and meaning of DTC p050a
This generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) typically applies to many OBD-II vehicles. That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Hyundai, Subaru, Suzuki, Mazda, VW, Honda, Kia, Cadillac, Nissan, Audi, etc. A stored code P050A means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected a problem with the idle air control (IAC) system. The term cold start refers to an engine drivability strategy that is implemented only when the engine is at (or below) ambient temperature. Controlled by the PCM, the IAC valve is responsible for regulating air flow through the throttle body and into the engine intake manifold when the engine is at idle. With the throttle plate closed, very little air is allowed to enter the engine through the throttle bore. The engine will not idle smoothly with this miniscule amount of air. A steady supply of vacuum would be ineffective at promoting a smooth idle because variations in atmospheric pressure and engine temperature require varying degrees of intake air. An automatically adjustable method for varying idle air is required. The IAC valve meets this requirement. The IAC is an electronically controlled valve that is mounted on the throttle body. It consists of a single housing with an electric motor and a pair of small air chambers. The two open chambers have a cone-shaped valve and seat between them. The IAC is mounted near the throttle bore so that one chamber is aligned with an intake opening outside the throttle plate. This chamber is called the inlet chamber. The second chamber (outlet chamber) is positioned so that it is aligned with an intake opening inside the throttle plate. When the valve is pushed flush into the seat, no air may pass between the two chambers. As the valve is lifted off the seat by the electric motor, ambient air can be drawn through the inlet and outlet chambers and into the intake manifold.
p050a diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P050A engine code may include:High or low engine RPM levelEngine may stall at idleThe accelerator pedal may have to be depressed for the engine to start Unusual tapping or popping noise from IAC motor
DTC p050a - possible causes
Causes for this code may include:Defective or dirty IAC valveVacuum leakOpen or shorted circuits or connectorsDefective electronic coolant temperature (ECT) sensor
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p050a
If ECT related codes are stored, diagnose and repair these before attempting to diagnose the P050A. Certain vehicle applications will exhibit an audible tap or pop when conditions are right for this code to be stored. If you are working on a Ford motor company product with a stored code P050A, and this noise is heard, suspect that the IAC is defective. A source of reliable vehicle information, a diagnostic scanner, and a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM) will all be needed to diagnose a code P050A. Component testing procedures and specifications, wiring diagrams, connector face views, connector pin-out charts, and diagnostic flow charts can be found in your source of vehicle information. These things will be required for a successful diagnosis. A visual inspection of the IAC valve and all related wiring and connectors may yield a quick diagnosis. Look for varmint damage on the wiring harness atop the engine. If the IAC valve and seat are carbon fouled, the valve will not seat properly. The valve may be cleaned on some vehicles but follow manufacturer&rsquos recommendations carefully. Use the DVOM (ohms) to test the IAC motor. Disconnect the motor from the harness and use the test leads to measure resistance. If the IAC motor does not comply with specifications, it is bad. If the IAC motor is within specs, reconnect the IAC motor connector. Probe the input voltage circuit and ground of the IAC connector using the test leads of the DVOM. If voltage is within specifications and a ground is present, suspect that the IAC valve/motor is faulty. Search applicable technical service bulletins (TSB). If you find a TSB that matches the vehicle type, codes, and symptoms that you are experiencing, it will help you in your diagnosis.