P053C Positive Crankcase Ventilation Heater Control Circuit High
Description and meaning of DTC p053c
This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and typically applies to OBD-II vehicles. Vehicle makes may include but aren't limited to BMW, Mini, Jeep, Chrysler, Ford, etc. The PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) is technically a system designed to remove harmful vapors from the engine and also, to prevent the said vapors to be ejected into the atmosphere. It is also able to do this by the use of manifold vacuum in order to suck the vapors from the crankcase in the intake manifold. The crankcase vapors are led through the combustion chambers alongside with the fuel and air mixture to be burned. The PCV valve controls the circulation within the system, which makes it an effective ventilation system for the crankcase and also a pollution management device. This PCV system has become the standard for all new vehicles since the 1960's and variety of systems have been created throughout the years, but the main function of it is the same. There are two main kinds of PCV systems, which are open and closed systems. Technically both function similarly, however, since the use of the closed system in 1968 it has been proven to be more effective for air pollution control. With the aid of a heater system/element, the PCV system is able to remove moisture, which is considered to be one of the major contaminants within the engine. As the engine functions, it generally creates heat that is able to burn off most of the moisture in the system. However, when it cools down, this is where condensation occurs. There are specific additives in engine oils, which suspends the water molecule caused by the moisture. However, in due time it eventually exceeds its capacity and the water corrodes the metal parts of the engine that damages it to an extent. The ECM (Engine control module) is responsible for monitoring and adjusting the positive crankcase ventilation heater control circuit. If the P053C code is set, it means that the ECM has detected a too high of voltage electrical condition within the PCV heater control circuit.
p053c diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P053C diagnostic code may include:Excessive oil consumptionSludge in engine oilEngine misfireReduced fuel economyEngine oil leakA failed PCV valve may cause noise such as a whistle, whine, or other low moaning noises.
DTC p053c - possible causes
Causes for this P053C positive crankcase ventilation code may include:PCV valve that stuck openWiring issue causing an open/short/out of range condition in the positive crankcase ventilation heater control circuitECM (engine control module) issue (i. e. internal short, open, etc. )Contaminated inline PCV air filter (possibly internal)Oil contamination on electrical connector and/or harnesses involved causing electrical connection issuePCV heater defective
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p053c
The first step in the troubleshooting process for any malfunction is to research the Technical Service Bulletins (TSB) for known issues with the specific vehicle. Advanced diagnostic steps become very vehicle specific and may require the appropriate advanced equipment and knowledge to perform accurately. We include basic steps below but refer to a vehicle year/make/model/powertrain specific repair guide for specific steps for your vehicle. Basic Step #1There are several ways to check if the PCV valve is working correctly and you will decide which method is easier for you, however, it is important that the engine should be idling regardless of what method you use. Here are two methods of checking if the valve is functional:Method 1: Detach the PCV valve from the valve cover with the hose still intact, and then carefully place your finger over the open end of the hose. If your valve is properly functioning, you will feel a strong suction sensation. Afterwards, try to shake the valve and if it rattles that means that there aren't anything that obstructs its pathway. However if there's not rattling sound that came from it that means it been damaged. Method 2: Remove the cap from the oil filler hole on the valve corner then place a stiff piece of paper on top of the opening. The paper should be sucked in place against the hole in seconds if your valve is functioning properly. If you find that the valve is not functioning properly, you shouldn't immediately buy a replacement. Instead, try cleaning it by using some carburetor cleaner, sparingly, especially in areas with significant contamination. Make sure to verify any present discolouration and/or gummy deposits are removed, which would be a sign that the valve is thoroughly cleaned. Basic Step #2Verify the harness involved in the PCV system's circuit(s). Given the fact that the PCV systems are subject to oil present within the system, one of the possible causes is oil contamination. If oil is leaking on harnesses, wires and/or connectors, this could cause electrical issues, because the oil can and will overtime eat away at the important wire insulation. So, if you see anything of this nature, make sure to repair it adequately to ensure a good electrical connection within the positive crankcase ventilation heater control circuit. This article is strictly for information purposes only and the technical data and service bulletins for your specific vehicle should always take precedence.