P0709 Transmission Range Sensor "A" Circuit High
Description and meaning of DTC p0709
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles. Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model. This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) in the transmission sub-group. It is a type B code meaning that the powertrain control module (PCM) or the transmission control module (TCM) will not turn on the check engine light unless the conditions to set the code are present for two consecutive key cycles. (key on-off, off-on)The PCM/TCM uses the transmission range sensor, sometimes called the inhibitor switch, to identify which gear position the shift lever is in. The code definition itself explains the problem that is causing the code the signal from the range sensor is not present all of the time, or it is intermittently missing.
p0709 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
After the second key cycle, the PCM/TCM will turn on the check engine light and force the transmission into “Limp-home” or “safe-mode”. There will be an obvious power loss, most noticeable when taking off from complete stops. When in this mode, the transmission starts off in third gear which is hard on the internal clutches in the transmission. In my experience this can cause severe internal damage to the transmission so it should be corrected as soon as possible. Avoid using the vehicle until repairs can be made.
DTC p0709 - possible causes
Potential causes for this code to set are:Faulty transmission range sensorFaulty wiring (Rarely) Faulty PCM or TCM
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0709
The transmission range sensor receives a 12 volt signal from the ignition switch then it sends a 12 volt signal, on the appropriate circuit according gear position, to the PCM/TCM. P0709 set when the signal is missing at the PCM/TCM. A scan tool that has the ability to read live data is the most accurate way to diagnose this DTC, but if one is not available here are a couple of things that can be checked with a digital volt ohm meter. (DVOM) In my experience the most common cause of intermittent signal issues are wiring related. In this case, a close visual inspection of the range sensor wiring harness and the internal contacts of the range sensor connector should be performed first and thoroughly. If anything is found suspect during the inspection, repair the issue, clear the codes and test drive the vehicle. If the DTC returns, set the DVOM to volts and back probe the appropriate circuits at the PCM/TCM and “wiggle” the harness at and leading to the range sensor. If no intermittent voltage loss can be seen on the meter suspect a faulty range sensor. Related Transmission Range Sensor codes: P0705, P0706, P0709, P0709, and P0709.