P0805 Clutch Position Sensor Circuit
Description and meaning of DTC p0805
This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Dodge, Ford (Focus, Fiesta, etc), Smart, Land Rover, Chevrolet, Chrysler, Jeep, Mercedes, Toyota, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration. OBD-II trouble code P0805 and related codes P0806, P0807, P0808, P0809, and P080A are associated with the clutch position sensor circuit. This circuit is monitored by the Power Control Module (PCM) or the Transmission Control Module (TCM) based on the specific vehicle. The purpose of the clutch position sensor circuit is to monitor the status of the clutch on a manual transmission. This process is accomplished by reading the output voltage of the clutch position sensor that indicates when the clutch is engaged. The clutch position sensor is usually a basic on/off switch mounted near the clutch foot pedal on the support bracket in most circumstances. Constant voltage is typically present on one side of the switch and the contacts are closed by engaging the clutch transferring voltage to the starter or starter solenoid. This basic circuit and switch prevents starting the engine prior to engaging the clutch. When the PCM or TCM detects improper voltage or resistance within the clutch position sensor circuit, code P0805 will be set and the check engine light or the transmission warning lamp will be illuminated.
p0805 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P0805 trouble code may include:Motor will not startMotor will start without engaging the clutchTransmission warning lamp illuminatedCheck engine light illuminated
DTC p0805 - possible causes
Causes for this P0805 code may include:Defective clutch position sensorFaulty or damaged wiringLoose or defective control module ground strapCorroded, damaged or loose connectorDefective fuse or fuse-able link (If applicable)Defective PCM or TCM
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0805
The first step in the troubleshooting process for any malfunction is to research the Technical Service Bulletins (TSB's) for the specific vehicle by year, model and power plant. In some circumstances, this can save a lot of time in the long run by pointing you in the right direction. The second step is to locate the clutch position sensor switch and look for obvious physical damage. Perform a thorough visual inspection to check the associated wiring for obvious defects such as scraping, rubbing, bare wires, or burn spots. Next is to check the connectors and connections for security, corrosion and damaged pins. This process must include all wiring connectors and connections to the clutch position sensor switch, PCM, starter and the starter solenoid. Consult the specific tech data for the vehicle to see if a fuse or fuse-able link is incorporated into the circuit. Advanced StepsThe advanced steps become very vehicle specific and require the appropriate advanced equipment to perform accurately. These procedures require a digital multi meter and the specific technical references for the vehicle. Specific technical data will include troubleshooting charts and the appropriate sequence to follow assisting you with an accurate diagnosis. Voltage ChecksWhen the clutch is disengaged there should be appropriately 12 volts on one side of the sensor. When the clutch is engaged you should have voltage on both sides of the sensor. The starter solenoid or starter should also have power based on the configuration. If this process identifies the absence of a power source or ground, continuity testing may be required to check the integrity of the wiring, connectors and other components. Continuity tests should always be performed with the power removed from the circuit and the normal readings for wiring and connections should be 0 ohms of resistance. Resistance or no continuity is an indication of faulty wiring that is open or shorted and must be repaired or replaced. A continuity test from the PCM or TCM control to the frame will confirm the serviceability level of ground straps and ground wires. The presence of resistance is an indication of a loose connection or possible corrosion.