P0817 Starter Disable Circuit

Description and meaning of DTC p0817

This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Subaru, BMW, Mazda, Volkswagen, Audi, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration. If your vehicle has stored a code P0817, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected a malfunction in the starter disable switch circuit. This type of code may be applicable to vehicles with manual or automatic transmissions. The starter disable switch is usually a single circuit, open/closed switch which interrupts voltage between the ignition switch and the starter solenoid if the clutch is not depressed, the transmission (manual) is not in neutral, or the transmission (automatic) is not in park. Vehicle applications with an automatic transmission may have the starter disable switch integrated into the neutral safety switch or shift selector switch. The transmission control module (TCM) or the PCM monitor starter disable circuit voltage with the ignition in the ON position. The TCM may be a stand alone module or part of the PCM. If the PCM detects that starter disable switch circuit voltage is not within allowable parameters, a code P0817 may be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) illuminated. Multiple ignition cycles (with a failure) may be required for MIL illumination.

p0817 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms of a P0817 trouble code may include:Engine will not startEngine starts with the transmission in gearNo symptoms may be exhibited

DTC p0817 - possible causes

Causes for this code may include:Defective starter disable switchShorted or open wiring or connectors in starter disable switch circuitFaulty PCM or a programming error

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p0817

A diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle specific diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P0817. You may use your source of vehicle information to locate a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited. If you find one, it could yield helpful diagnostic information. Use the scanner (connected to the vehicle diagnostic connector) to retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. It is a good idea to write this information down before clearing the codes then test-drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset. If the PCM enters readiness mode at this time, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose. If this is the case, the conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before an accurate diagnosis can be made. If the code is immediately reset, the next step of your diagnosis will require that you search your vehicle information source for diagnostic flow-charts, connector pin-out charts, connector face views, and component testing procedures/specifications.

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