P20EF SCR NOx Pre- Catalyst Efficiency Below Threshold Bank 1

Description and meaning of DTC p20ef

This is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Audi, Buick, Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Mercedes-Benz, Subaru, Toyota, Volkswagen etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration. When a P20EF is stored in a diesel powered, OBD-II equipped vehicle, it means that the powertrain control module has detected that catalyst efficiency is below threshold for a certain engine bank. This particular code applies to the upstream catalytic converter (or NOx trap) for engine bank one. Bank one is the bank of the engine that contains the number one cylinder. While modern, clean-burning diesel engines have many advantages over gasoline engines (especially in commercial truck applications), they also tend to produce more of certain harmful exhaust gases than other engines. The most notable of these offensive pollutants are ions of nitrogen oxide (NOx). Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems help to dramatically reduce NOx but many of today’s powerful diesel engines cannot meet strict federal (U. S. ) emission standards using the EGR system alone. For this reason, SCR systems were developed. SCR systems inject diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) into the exhaust in front of the catalytic converter or the NOx trap. The introduction of DEF raises exhaust gas temperature and allows the catalyst element to perform more efficiently. It makes the catalyst last longer and allows fewer NOx emissions to be released into the atmosphere. Oxygen (O2) sensors, NOx sensors, and/or temperature sensors are placed before and after the catalyst to monitor its temperature and efficiency. The entire SCS system is controlled by either the PCM or a stand-alone controller which interacts with the PCM. EIther way, the controller monitors the O2, NOx, and temperature sensors (as well as other inputs) to determine the appropriate time for DEF injection. Precise DEF injection is necessary to maintain exhaust temperature within acceptable parameters and promote optimum NOx filtration. If the PCM detects a catalyst efficiency that is insufficient for minimum allowble parameters, a code P20EF will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp may be illuminated.

p20ef diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms of a P20EF trouble code may include:Excessive black smoke from vehicle exhaustDiminished engine performanceReduction in fuel efficiencyOther stored SCR and emission related codes

DTC p20ef - possible causes

Causes for this code may include:Defective O2, NOx, or temperature sensorInoperative SCR systemFaulty SCR injectorIncorrect or insufficient DEF fluidBad SCR controller or programming errorPre-catalyst exhaust leaksInstallation of aftermarket or high-performance exhaust components

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p20ef

If other SCR or exhaust emissions codes or exhaust temperature codes are stored, these should be addressed before attempting to diagnose the stored P20EF. Any pre-catalyst exhaust leaks should be repaired before attempting a diagnosis for this type of code. Access to a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), an infrared thermometer with a laser pointer, and a source of vehicle specific SCR system diagnostic information will be required to diagnose a code P20EF. Locating a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited could yield helpful diagnostic information. Begin your diagnosis with a visual inspection of the SCR injection system, exhaust temperature sensors, NOx sensors, and oxygen (02) sensor harnesses and connectors. Burnt or damaged wiring and or connectors should be repaired or replaced before proceeding. Continue by locating the vehicle diagnostic connector and plugging in the scanner. Retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data and record this information before clearing the codes. Afterwards, test drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset. If the PCM does enter readiness mode, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose at this time. The conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before a diagnosis can be reached. If the code is reset immediately, search your source of vehicle information to obtain diagnostic flow charts, connector pin out charts, connector face views, along with component testing procedures and specifications. This information will be necessary in completing the next steps of your diagnosis. Observe the scanner data stream to compare exhaust (pre-cat and post-cat) O2, NOx, and temperature sensor data between engine banks. If inconsistencies are detected, test the respective sensors using the DVOM. Sensors which fail to comply with manufacturer specifications, should be considered defective. If all sensors and circuitry appear to be functioning as intended, suspect that the catalyst element is faulty or that the SCR system has failed. Make sure that the DEF reservoir is filled with the appropriate fluid and that it has not been contaminated in any way

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