P2143 Exhaust Gas Recirculation Vent Control Circuit /Open
Description and meaning of DTC p2143
This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and typically applies to OBD-II vehicles. Vehicle makes may include but aren't limited to Citroen, Peugeot, Sprinter, Pontiac, Mazda, Chevy, GMC, Ford, Dodge, Ram, etc. EGR (Exhaust gas recirculation) systems are constantly being monitored and adjusted by the ECM (Engine control module) while we are driving our vehicles. The EGR systems allows your vehicle's engine to reuse air/fuel mixtures that have gone through the combustion process but has yet to burn completely and efficiently. By the EGR recycling this "semi-burnt" mixture and reintroducing it to the engine, it single handedly increases fuel economy, not to mention improved overall vehicle emissions as well. These days, most EGR valves are controlled electronically via electrical solenoids, mechanically via vacuum controlled solenoids and various other possible ways depending on your make and model. The EGR vent solenoid is mainly used to discard unneeded recyclable exhaust. Typically they vent this un-recycled exhaust back into the exhaust system to vent into the atmosphere after passing through the catalytic converters, resonators, mufflers, etc. It is important to note that the catalytic converter will burn most of the unburnt fuel present to prevent from spiking the vehicle's emissions. The exhaust gas recirculation vent control circuit may be referring to one particular wire that is causing the fault, make sure to refer to your service manual to pinpoint what physical circuit you are working with here. While monitoring and adjusting numerous sensors, switches, not to mention other systems, the ECM (engine control module) has activated P2143 and/or related codes (P2144 and P2145) to let you know there is a problem with your exhaust gas recirculation vent control circuit. With P2143, it means a general fault or a loss of continuity has been detected in the EGR exhaust gas recirculation vent control electrical circuit.
p2143 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P2143 diagnostic code may include:Decreased engine powerRough engine idlePoor accelerationPoor fuel economyCEL (check engine light) onEngine misfire-like symptom
DTC p2143 - possible causes
Causes for this P2143 code may include:Dirty/clogged EGR (exhaust gas recirculation valve)EGR vent solenoid defectiveEGR vent pluggedVacuum leakKinked vacuum lineConnector issueWiring issue (open, corroded, chafed, short, etc. )ECM issue
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2143
The first step in the troubleshooting process for any malfunction is to research the Technical Service Bulletins (TSB) for known issues with the specific vehicle. Advanced diagnostic steps become very vehicle specific and may require the appropriate advanced equipment and knowledge to perform accurately. We include basic steps below but refer to a vehicle year/make/model/powertrain specific repair guide for specific steps for your vehicle. Basic Step #1First thing you will want to do is let your vehicle's engine cool down. Most times EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) systems are very hot by nature given that they are usually mounted directly to the exhaust system. That said, if you do not let the engine cool adequately, you can risk burning yourself. Like mentioned, EGR valves a lot of time are mounted directly on the exhaust. The vent solenoids, that control the EGR's venting, are mounted anywhere in the engine bay, most times on the firewall. Generally speaking, the vent solenoid is a vacuum controlled solenoid so there are potentially many rubber vacuum lines running from this to the EGR system. Remember how hot it gets here? These vacuum lines do not stand well to these temperatures so make sure to inspect these lines thoroughly while you are inspecting the surroundings. Any burnt or broken vacuum line should be replace or repaired. Lines are inexpensive so I always recommend overhauling all the lines with new, especially if you find one that is deteriorated, if one went bad in this way, chances are the others aren't far away. Basic Step #2Make sure to thoroughly verify the integrity of the harnesses involved. They do run along and around the exhaust so it would be a good idea to tie up any loose wires or harnesses out of the way. If you find a burnt harness and/or wire, solder connections and make sure to insulate accordingly. Inspect vent solenoid for cracks and/or water intrusion. Given the fact that these sensors are subject to the elements and are made out of plastic, for the most part, should make you aware of some of the possible faults. Also, ensure connectors are making an adequate electrical connection and that the tabs are intact and not broken. Basic Step #3If accessible and convenient, you could remove EGR valve to check out its condition. These valves are subject to a meaningful amount of soot. Use carburetor cleaner and a toothbrush to remove soot from any stubborn areas.