P2182 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 2 Circuit Malfunction

Description and meaning of DTC p2182

This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is considered generic because it applies to all 1996-newer OBD-II equipped vehicles (e. g. Vauxhall, VW, Ford, Dodge, etc. ). Specific troubleshooting and repair steps may vary slightly depending on make/model. The ECT (Engine coolant temperature) sensor is basically a thermistor that changes resistance with temperature. Usually a two wire sensor, a 5 volt reference from PCM (Powertrain Control Module) and ground signal to PCM. This is different from a temperature SENDER (which usually operates the dash temperature gauge and operates in a similar way as the SENSOR, only it's a different circuit than what a P2182 is referring to). As the temperature of the coolant changes, the resistance changes on the ground signal to the PCM. When the engine is cold, the resistance is high. When the engine is warm, the resistance is low. If the PCM detects a voltage condition that seems abnormally low or high, P2182 will set.

p2182 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms of a P2182 DTC code can vary from nothing other than the "check engine" light illumination, to one or more of the following:MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) illumination will always occurVehicle may be hard to start May blow a lot of black smoke and run extremely richEngine may want to die or backfire in tailpipeEngine may run lean and increased Nox emissions may be apparent (Requires gas analyzer)Cooling fans may run all the time when they shouldn't be, or not at all when they should be

DTC p2182 - possible causes

Usually the cause can be traced to a bad ECT sensor, however that doesn't preclude the following: Wiring or connector damaged at #2 ECT sensor Open or short in reference or signal circuitOpen or short in ECT #2 signal circuitBad PCM

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2182

First, visually check the #2 ECT sensor for damage to wiring or connector and repair as necessary. Then, if you have access to a scanner, determine what the temperature of the engine is. (If you don't have access to a scan tool, using the dash temperature gauge may not be an effective way to determine coolant temperature. This is because the P2182 code is referring to the #2 ECT SENSOR, and the dash gauge is operated by, usually a one-wire SENDER. Basically a different sensor that the code doesn't refer to. )2. If the engine temperature is abnormally high, around 280 deg. F, that's abnormal. Unplug the sensor on the engine and see if the signal drops to, say, negative 50 deg. F. If it does, then it's a good bet the sensor is bad, internally shorted, causing a low resistance signal to be sent to the PCM. However if you want to be sure it's the sensor and not the wiring, there's a couple tests you can do. With the ECT sensor unplugged, check that you have 5 volts on the reference circuit with KOEO (Key on engine off). Also you can check the resistance of the sensor to ground using an Ohm meter. The resistance of a normal sensor to ground will vary a little depending on the vehicle, but basically, if the temp of the engine is around 200 deg. F. , the resistance will be about 200 Ohms. If the temperature is about 0 def. F. , the resistance will be over 10,000 Ohms. With this test you should be able to tell if the resistance of the sensor matches the temperature of the engine. If it's not accurate according to your engine's temperature, then you probably have a bad sensor. 3. Now, if the temperature of the engine according to the scanner is around 280 deg. F. and unplugging the sensor doesn't cause the reading to drop to negative 50 deg. F, but it stays at the same high temperature reading, then you'll need to repair the short on the signal circuit(ground) to the PCM. It's shorted directly to ground somewhere. 4. If your temperature reading of the engine according to the scanner is showing negative 50 deg. F or so, (and you don't live in the arctic!) unplug the sensor and check for a 5V reference present at the sensor. 5. If there isn't, then check at the PCM connector for proper 5V reference. If it's present at the PCM connector, then repair the open or short on 5V reference from PCM. If there is no 5V reference present at the PCM connector, then you're done with your diagnosis and you may have a PCM fault. 6. If the 5V reference circuit is intact, then check the ground signal to the PCM using the previous ground resistance test. If the resistance isn't normal for the temperature of the engine, then ohm the resistance of the ground signal to the PCM by removing the ground signal wire from the PCM connector. The wire should have no resistance, unplugged from the PCM to the sensor. If it does, repair open in the signal to the PCM. If it doesn't have any resistance on the ground signal wire and the resistance test of the sensor is normal, then suspect a faulty PCM. Related ECT sensor circuit codes: P0115, P0116, P0117, P0118, P0119, P0125, P0128, P2183, P2184, P2185, P2186

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