P2189 System Too Lean at Idle (Bank 2) Code
Description and meaning of DTC p2189
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code. It is considered generic because it applies to all makes and models of vehicles (1996-newer), although specific repair steps may be slightly different depending on the model. This is an ambiguous code in of itself. It can be a tough code to crack without a diagnostic strategy. During the last two starts, the engine management computer has recognized a problem with the fuel mixture at an idle. It appears that the fuel mixture is too lean (too much air and not enough fuel) at an idle. There is a laundry list of components that could cause this scenario. For the most part the diagnostic procedure is not difficult -- just time consuming, unless it is one of the first items checked. The strategy dictates that the driveability problems are observed and noted, then start with the most commonly found problems and progress from there. Note: This code is identical to P2187. The difference is that P2187 refers to Bank 1 (the side of the engine containing cylinder #1), and P2189 refers to Bank 2.
p2189 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
With the wide range of possibilities, the problems listed may and may not be present. But, here is where it is important to pay particular attention to the symptoms observed and make a note as to what and when symptoms appear for diagnostic strategy. Vehicle has a miss at an idleHard to start, especially when hotVery irregular idleAdditional codes to pinpoint cause of original P2189 codeWhistling noisesLower turbo boost numbersFuel smell
DTC p2189 - possible causes
Faulty O2 sensor (front)Faulty gas cap sealLeaky or loose oil filler capAir leaking into the intake manifold downstream from the Mass Airflow sensor due to the manifold itself, vacuum hoses off or cracked, leak MAP sensor, Leak at turbo bypass or it's stuck open, power brake booster hose, or a leak in the EVAP system hoses. Faulty MAP sensorEVAP canister purge valveFuel injector leakFuel pressure regulator faultyLeaks in the exhaust systemFaulty variable camshaft timingFaulty ECM (engine management computer)Faulty O2 preheater (front)Clogged fuel filterFuel pump wearing out and producing low pressure. Faulty mass air flow sensor
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2189
Your strategy for locating this problem begins with a test drive and observation of any symptoms. The next step is to use a code scanner (available at any auto parts store) and pulling any additional codes. The computer has set a code P2189 stating that the fuel mixture is lean at an idle. This is the main code, however, any component malfunctioning within this loop that has the potential to cause a lean mixture will also be set in code. If the test drive doesn't produce any symptoms it is possible that it is not a real code. In other words, the fuel mixture is not lean and that the computer or oxygen sensor is responsible for setting the code. Every vehicle has a minimum of two oxygen sensors -- one in front of the catalytic converter and one after the converter. These sensors signal the amount of free oxygen left in the exhaust after ignition, which determines the fuel ratio. The front sensor is primarily responsible for the mixture, the second sensor behind the exhaust is used for comparison to the front sensor to determine if the converter is working properly. If a rough idle is present or one of the other symptoms, begin the process with the most likely cause first. Either unmetered air is entering the intake manifold or there is a lack of fuel pressure:Check the fuel cap for cracks and sealing and functionLift the hood and make sure the oil filler cap is tightIf additional codes were present begin with inspecting them firstLook for air leaks starting at the mass airflow sensor. Check the hose or connection between the sensor and the intake manifold all the way to the manifold for cracks or loose connections. Check all vacuum hoses carefully attached to the intake manifold, to include the one to the vacuum brake booster. Check the hose to the MAP sensor and all hoses to the turbo if so equipped. With the engine running, using a can of carburetor cleaner and spray a small mist around the base of the intake manifold and where the two halves meet if it is a two piece. Spray around the base of the EGR for leaks into the manifold. The rpm will increase if a leak is located. Check the PCV valve and hose for leaks. Inspect the fuel injectors for external fuel leaksInspect the fuel pressure regulator by pulling off the vacuum hose and shaking it to see if fuel is present. If so replace it. Shut the engine down and install a fuel pressure tester on the schrader valve on the fuel supply rail to the injectors. Start the engine and note the fuel pressure at an idle and once again at 2500 rpm. Compare these figures with the desired fuel pressure found online for your vehicle. If out of range in volume or pressure replace the pump or filter. The remainder of components need to be inspected by a service facility that has a Tech 2 scanner and programmer.