P2266 Water in Fuel Sensor Circuit Low
Description and meaning of DTC p2266
This is a generic diagnostic trouble code (DTC) and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Land Rover (Range Rover), Ford, Hyundai, Jeep, Mahindra, Vauxhall, Dodge, Ram, Mercedes, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration. The OBD-II trouble code P2266 is associated with the water in fuel sensor circuit, also known as the fuel composition circuit. When the Power Control Module (PCM) detects too low of an electrical signal within the water in fuel sensor circuit, code P2266 will be set and the check engine light will be illuminated. The water in fuel light may also be illuminated if the vehicle incorporates this warning indicator. Refer to a vehicle specific resource to find the sensor location for your particular year / make / model configuration. The purpose of the water in fuel sensor is to monitor the fuel which passes through it to ensure that ethanol, water, and other contaminants do not exceed a certain percentage. Additionally, fuel temperature is measured by the water in fuel sensor and converted into a voltage pulse width monitored by the PCM. The PCM utilizes these readings to adjust the engine timing for optimum performance and fuel economy.
p2266 diagnostic trouble code symptoms
Symptoms of a P2266 trouble code may include: Engine may stall Severe misfiringEngine will not startPoor fuel economyPoor performanceCheck engine light illuminatedWater in fuel light illuminated
DTC p2266 - possible causes
Causes for this P2266 code may include: Defective water in fuel sensorContaminated fuelBlown fuse or fuse-able link (if applicable)Defective or worn fuel filterCorroded or damaged connectorFaulty or damaged wiringFaulty ECU
How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2266
The first step in the troubleshooting process for any malfunction is to research the Technical Service Bulletins (TSB's) for the specific vehicle by year, model and power plant. In some circumstances this can save a lot of time in the long run by pointing you in the right direction. The second step is to check the vehicle records to see when the fuel filter was replaced and visually inspect the condition of the filter. The most common causes for this code is a defective fuel filter or contaminated fuel. A visual inspection of the fuel can be conducted using a glass jar. Once a sample is taken and allowed to settle the water and fuel will separate in a matter of minutes. The presence of water in the fuel is an indication of contaminated fuel, a defective fuel filter or both. Then you should locate all of the components within the water in fuel circuit and perform a thorough visual inspection to check the associated wiring for obvious defects such as scraping, rubbing, bare wires, or burn spots. Next is to check the connectors for security, corrosion and damaged pins. The sensor is normally mounted on the top of the fuel tank on most vehicles. Advanced StepsThe advanced steps become very vehicle specific and require the appropriate advanced equipment to perform accurately. These procedures require a digital multi meter and the specific technical references for the vehicle. The ideal tool to use in this situation is an oscilloscope, if available. The O-scope will provide an accurate illustration of the signal pulses and the frequency levels that will be proportional to the fuel contamination level. The typical range of frequency is from 50 to 150 hertz with 50 hertz representing clean fuel and 150 Hertz representing a high level of contamination. Voltage requirements and signal pulses will vary based on the specific year and model of the vehicle. Voltage ChecksThe water in fuel sensor is typically supplied with a voltage reference of approximately 5-volts from the PCM. If this process identifies the absence of a power source or ground, continuity testing may be required to check the integrity of the wiring, connectors and other components. Continuity tests should always be performed with the power removed from the circuit and the normal readings for wiring and connections should be 0 ohms of resistance. Resistance or no continuity is an indication of faulty wiring that is open or shorted and must be repaired or replaced.