P2280 Air Flow Restriction/Air Leak Between Air Filter and MAF

Description and meaning of DTC p2280

This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code and applies to many OBD-II vehicles (1996-newer). Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model. That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Dodge, Ram, Audi, Chevrolet, Ford, GMC, Jeep, etc. Although generic, the exact repair steps may vary depending on year, make, model and powertrain configuration. If your vehicle has stored a code P2280, it means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected insufficient airflow between the air filter element and the mass airflow (MAF) sensor. In order for today’s engines to perform at peak efficiency, air and fuel must be regulated precisely. The fuel pump and fuel injectors provide fuel in adequate supply and the throttle body (or throttle bodies) allows metered air to enter the intake. The delicate air/fuel ratio must be carefully monitored and adjusted constantly. This is accomplished using the PCM with inputs from engine sensors such as the MAF, the manifold air pressure (MAP) sensor, and the heated oxygen sensors (HO2S). If the PCM detects that there is insufficient ambient air being drawn into the MAF sensor, while the engine is running, a code P2280 may be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) illuminated. Multiple drive cycles with a failure may be required for MIL illumination.

p2280 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms of a P2280 trouble code may include:Severely diminished engine performanceThe engine may shutoff upon accelerationBackfires can also occur upon accelerationMisfire codes could accompany the P2280

DTC p2280 - possible causes

Causes for this code may include:Clogged air filter elementTorn or collapsed air inlet pipePCV breather tube removed from air inlet pipePCM or programming error

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2280

In order to diagnose a code P2280, a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle specific diagnostic information will be required. If you can use your source of vehicle information to locate a technical service bulletin (TSB) that matches the vehicle year, make, and model as well as the engine size, code/s stored, and symptoms exhibited, it could yield helpful diagnostic information. Begin with an inspection of the air filter element. If it is excessively dirty or clogged, replace the filter and test-drive the vehicle to see if the symptoms subside. If not, carefully check the air inlet pipe for kinks, cracks, or signs of collapse. If abnormalities are found, the air inlet pipe should be replaced with an OEM replacement part. If MAF codes accompany the P2280, inspect the MAF Sensor hot wire for unwanted debris. If debris is present on the hot wire, follow manufacturer’s recommendations for cleaning the MAF sensor. Never use chemicals or cleaning methods which are not specifically recommended by the automaker. If the air filter is clean and the air inlet pipe is in good working order, use the scanner (connected to the vehicle diagnostic connector) to retrieve all stored codes and pertinent freeze frame data. It is a good idea to write this information down before clearing the codes then test-drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset. If the PCM enters readiness mode at this time, the code is intermittent and may be much more difficult to diagnose. If this is the case, the conditions which contributed to the code being stored may need to worsen before an accurate diagnosis can be made. However, if the code is immediately reset, completing the next step of your diagnosis will require that you search your vehicle information source for diagnostic flow-charts, connector pin-out charts, connector face views, and component testing procedures/specifications. Follow manufacturer’s specifications to test the MAF and MAP sensors using the DVOM. If both these sensors are functional, test system circuits. I like to use the voltage drop method. A stored code P2280 is typically rectified by repairing a clogged air filter element or a cracked air inlet pipe

More OBD-II diagnostic trouble codes (DTC)