P2456 Diesel Particulate Filter Pressure Sensor A Circuit Intermittent

Description and meaning of DTC p2456

This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to all 1996-newer vehicles (Ford, Dodge, GMC, Chevrolet, Mercedes, VW, etc. ). Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model. If a P2456 is stored, the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected a voltage input signal from the circuit of the diesel particulate filter (DPF) pressure sensor known as A, that is erratic or intermittent. P2456 is used exclusively in diesel equipped vehicles. DPF systems are designed to remove ninety-percent of carbon particles (soot) from diesel engine exhaust. Large soot particles are trapped in the DPF element while smaller particles and other (exhaust gas) compounds are allowed to flow through. At the nucleus of the DPF is the filtration element. Some of the elemental compounds currently being used in DPF construction include: paper fibers, metal fibers, ceramic fibers, silicone wall fibers, and cordierite wall fibers. Ceramic based cordierite is most common because of its excellent filtration. It is however known for overheating at higher temperatures, making it susceptible in vehicles equipped with passive DPF systems. Large particles of soot should be trapped between the fibers and engine exhaust is allowed to flow through. When there is a large concentration of soot particles in the element, exhaust pressure increases. The filtration element must be regenerated once soot concentration has reached a certain level. Regeneration permits exhaust gases to flow through the DPF so that the correct level of exhaust back pressure can be maintained. Automatically regenerated systems are known as active DPF systems. The PCM is programmed to inject chemicals (diesel fuel, diesel exhaust fluid, etc. ) into the exhaust at scheduled intervals in this type of system. This injection produces increased exhaust temperatures, allowing trapped soot particles be incinerated as ions of nitrogen and oxygen. Passive DPF systems are similar in theory. They are activated with input from the operator. A qualified repair facility will have to perform the regeneration procedure on some models. It could take several hours to accomplish DPF regeneration once it has begun. While active regeneration systems are working as the vehicle is being driven, passive systems typically are activated when the vehicle is parked. Once the filtration element is regenerated, exhaust pressure should return to a normal level. The DPF pressure sensor is typically mounted remotely away from the excessive heat of the DPF. Exhaust back pressure is monitored using silicon hoses (connected near the DPF inlet and the DPF pressure sensor). If the PCM detects an exhaust pressure condition or an electrical input signal from DPF pressure sensor A that is intermittent or erratic, a code P2456 may be stored.

p2456 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Conditions that could cause this code may also lead to internal engine or fuel system damage and should be considered pressing. Symptoms of a P2456 code may include: Reduced engine performance Excessive black smoke from engine exhaust An increase in engine temperatures

DTC p2456 - possible causes

Potential causes for this code to set are: Exhaust leaks Open/shorted circuit/s in the DPF pressure sensor A circuit Defective DPF pressure sensor Clogged, cracked, or collapsed DPF pressure sensor tubes/hoses Diesel exhaust fluid reservoir empty Incorrect diesel exhaust fluid

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p2456

A good starting point is always to check for technical service bulletins (TSB) for your particular vehicle. Your issue may be a known issue with a known fix put out by the manufacturer and can save you time and money during diagnosis. For me to correctly diagnose a P2456, I will need a digital volt/ohmmeter, a manufacturer’s service manual, and a diagnostic scanner. I would begin my diagnosis with a visual inspection of related harnesses and connectors. I’d inspect wiring that is routed near hot exhaust components and/or jagged edges. It saves me time if I am certain to check alternator output, battery voltage, and battery terminal ends at this time. My next step would be to connect the scanner and retrieve all stored codes and freeze frame data. I would write this information down for future reference and then clear all stored codes. Using the DVOM, I would follow manufacturer’s recommendations for testing the DPF pressure sensor. I would consult the service manual for specific instructions. Sensors that fail to comply with manufacturer’s resistance specifications should be replaced. If the sensor checks out, I would continue by checking DPF pressure sensor supply hoses for clogs and/or breakage. I would replace hoses that are burnt, cracked, or collapsed (high temp silicon hoses are recommended). If supply sensor lines are intact, and the sensor is operational, I would proceed by testing system circuits. To prevent PCM damage, I always disconnect related controllers prior to testing resistance and/or continuity with the DVOM. Additional diagnostic notes: DPF regeneration fluid should be checked prior to diagnosing this code When P2456 is stored, I have discovered that clogged sensor ports and clogged sensor tubes are common DPF pressure sensor hoses that are melted or cut, may need to be rerouted after replacement

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