P3400 Cylinder Deactivation System Bank 1

Description and meaning of DTC p3400

This generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC) typically applies to many OBD-II vehicles. That may include but is not limited to vehicles from Honda, Dodge, Ram, GMC, Chevrolet, Chrysler, Pontiac, etc. A stored code P3400 means that the powertrain control module (PCM) has detected an abnormality in the cylinder deactivation system for engine bank one. Bank 1 denotes the bank of the engine which contains the number one cylinder. The location of the number one cylinder varies by make and model. Consult your service manual (or alternate source of vehicle information) for the location of the number one cylinder for the vehicle in question - never make assumptions where this is concerned. Cylinder deactivation (also known as variable displacement) systems are designed for fuel conservation purposes. They are primarily used in vehicles equipped with an engine that has more than eight-cylinders. Under certain driving conditions, all of the engine's horsepower is not needed. These driving conditions typically involve low throttle and highway speeds. When these circumstances arise, the cylinder deactivation system is designed to disable corresponding cylinders and conserve fuel. The variable valve timing solenoids are utilized to close the intake and exhaust valves for the cylinders that are deactivated. The purpose of this is twofold first, it traps spent exhaust gases in the cylinder and forms a sort of air damper. This reduces vibration and makes cylinder deactivation operation smoother. Secondly, the trapped exhaust is compressed on the piston up stroke. The compressed exhaust serves to propel the piston back downward and provide an even greater degree of overall engine balance. In addition to the valves being closed on the deactivated cylinders, the cylinder deactivation system also disables fuel flow to the affected cylinders. There is usually no noticeable loss of power or torque when the cylinder deactivation system becomes operational. If a situation arises in which the PCM cannot make the cylinder deactivation system operational (for engine bank one), or if the PCM detects that the cylinder deactivation system has become inadvertently operational, a code P3400 will be stored and a malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) may be illuminated.

p3400 diagnostic trouble code symptoms

Symptoms of a P3400 trouble code may include:Diminished fuel efficiencyReduced engine performanceOther cylinder deactivation codesEngine misfire codes

DTC p3400 - possible causes

Causes for this code may include:Low engine oil level or pressureDefective valve timing control solenoid/sOpen or shorted cylinder deactivation circuit/sFaulty PCM or PCM programming error

How to fix OBD-II diagnostic trouble code p3400

Note: There are known technical service bulletins (TSBs) for certain Honda Acura vehicles that pertain to this code. They are Honda TSB 11-033, Honda TSB 13-031, and Honda TSB 13-055. Components which are critical to the operation of the cylinder deactivation system frequently require assistance from engine oil pressure. Because of this, diagnosing any cylinder deactivation codes should begin by making sure that the engine is filled to the proper level with the appropriate oil and that engine oil pressure is within specifications. If there is doubt about actual engine oil pressure a manual oil pressure test is in order. In order to reach an accurate diagnosis of a code P3400, a diagnostic scanner, a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM), and a source of vehicle information will be required. If engine oil pressure is in question, a manual oil pressure gauge will also be necessary. A reliable vehicle information source may yield applicable technical service bulletins (TSB) which could aid in your diagnosis. It should also provide diagnostic flow charts, wiring diagrams, connector face views, connector pin-out charts, and component testing procedures/specifications. You will need this information to arrive at a correct diagnosis. Always disconnect controllers before testing system circuits with the DVOM. Failure to do so may result in controller damage. Once you have made sure that engine oil pressure is within specifications and performed a visual inspection of related connectors and wiring, connect the scanner to the diagnostic port of the vehicle. Retrieve all stored codes and related freeze frame data. Writing this information down (for later) may prove helpful. Clear the codes and test-drive the vehicle until the PCM either enters readiness mode or the code is reset. If the PCM enters readiness mode, you may assume that you are dealing with an intermittent code. The conditions which caused it may need to worsen before you can reach a successful diagnosis. If the code is reset, locate the appropriate diagnostic flow chart in the vehicle information source and follow it to conclusion. Use the DVOM to test the individual variable valve timing solenoids. Solenoids which fail to comply with manufacturer's specifications should be considered defective. Low engine oil level is the leading contributor to cylinder deactivation system codes

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